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Types of Migration
Internal Migration
Global Labour Mobility
Child Migration
Skilled Migration
Forced Migration
Return Migration

Key Themes
Modelling Causes and Consequences
Links between Migrations
Rural Poverty and Livelihoods
Social Protection
Gender and Generations
Health and Education

UK / international
Albania / Eastern Europe
Ghana / Africa
Egypt / the Middle East
Bangladesh / South Asia




Gender and Generations

Gender and Generations The gendered nature and consequences of migration is a cross cutting theme within the work of the DRC and a number of projects have integrated gender within the framework of their investigations. Only one project specifically focuses on women migrants (8c below), but many others have used gender as a critical difference (projects 3e, 6d and the child migration projects – see above) and/or aim to explore different elements of the impact of migration on the relations of gender and generation.

The research in Bangladesh on Rural Poverty and Livelihoods, which examines the impact on households and families left behind when adult males migrate, has a focus on how the loss of the main household producer affects their wives, and changes in the relations of gender and generation that such migration produces (Project 1b). Other work on temporary labour migration in Bangladesh and India incorporates a gender dimension in its focus on social protection (Project 1a). Gender issues are also prominent in the work on forced migration, with project 6d specifically focussed on gender differences in experience of the return home of men and women who were forced to flee from the Sudan and the impact of this forced migration and the return on gender relations. Gender and generation are also key themes in the health project in India, which looks at migrant mothers’ health-seeking behaviour and its impact on infant health.

The inter-generational impact of migration is a further cross-cutting theme. While this is particularly evident in our work on child migration, it is also the focus of other projects which are concerned with the responsibilities between older and younger generations of adults (1b and 3d).


  Key Projects

1a: Social Protection of Temporary Work Migrants in Bangladesh and India

1b: Livelihoods, Social Protection and Intergenerational Equity in Migration from Bangladesh to the Gulf

1e: Gendered 'Return Home': Sudanese Refugees are Coming Back

3a: Child migration, Rural Poverty and Livelihoods in Burkina Faso

3b(1):The north-south migration of children in Ghana

3b(2): Autonomous Child Migration in Ghana

3b(3): Autonomous Child Migration in Bangladesh

3c: Autonomous and Other Child Migration in South India

3d: The Stranded Bihari Linguistic Minority in Bangladesh: Generational Perspectives

3e: Gender Differences in Migration Opportunities (2006-07)

6d: A Social Profile and Analysis of Migrant Domestic Employees in Cairo


Women's Migration, Urban Poverty and Child Health in Rajasthan, May 2008 (WP-T26)

Exploring the Linkages between Children’s Independent Migration and Education: Evidence from Ghana, August 2005 (WP-T12)

Segmentation and Social Network Multipliers in Rural-Urban Migration, May 2005 (WP-T9)

  The Centre has participated in an advisory workshop on gender issues held by the Global Commission on International Migration (GCIM) and is a member of the new Global Migration and Gender Network established under the auspices of GCIM.

It is planned to consolidate the work on gender in a workshop in 2007 which both presents the findings from specific projects to other researchers on gender and migration, and which explores the specific contributions that these make to existing knowledge.

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With thanks to IOM and Claudia Natali for the photographs