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Types of Migration
Internal Migration
Global Labour Mobility
Child Migration
Skilled Migration
Forced Migration
Return Migration

Key Themes
Modelling Causes and Consequences
Links between Migrations
Rural Poverty and Livelihoods
Social Protection
Gender and Generations
Health and Education

UK / international
Albania / Eastern Europe
Ghana / Africa
Egypt / the Middle East
Bangladesh / South Asia




Health and Education

Health and Education The effect of migration on health and education outcomes for poor people, particularly children, is an important dimension to evaluating the costs and benefits of migration. Most accounts of the effects of migration on health either assume that migration helps to spread disease, and places migrants in unhealthy working or living environments, or alternatively emphasises the undoubted negative effects that the loss of skilled medical personnel has on the finance and functioning of the health services in sending countries. Similarly, many accounts of the effects of migration on education stress the risk that migration leads to children being taken out of school.

However, some empirical work on these relationships suggests a more nuanced picture. For example, some quantiatives studies studies that examine the effects of migration specifically on children's health by using national data from different parts of the world have shown much more mixed mixed findings, with migrants benefitting from access to better quality healthcare, and changing their healthcare-seeking behaviour as a result. Similarly, it is not necessarily the case the migrants abandon education – indeed, a major purpose of migration for many households may be to raise funds to pay for the education of children, whilst many children migrate specifically in order to access better quality education.

To date, research in the Centre on health and education has been limited, with small studies of the health-seeking and nutritional behaviour of migrants in India and Egypt respectively, and a tentative study on the relationship between migration and infant mortality using national-level statistical data in Ghana. Similarly, our work on education so far has emerged from a broader study of child migration, rather than being an object of direct attention in itself.

Our intention is to seek to expand this work, notably through two new projects on the educational consequences of migration in Bangladesh and India, and through collaboration with WHO and others on the issue of mobility of health professionals (see Brain Circulation).


  Key Projects
  2c: Migration and Child Survival in India

3e: Gender Differences in Migration Opportunities: Implications for Educational Choices and Outcomes

3f: Mumbai Night Schools


Exploring the Linkages Between Children’s Independent Migration and Education: Evidence from Ghana, Aug 05 (WP-T12)

Migration and the Millennium Development Goals for Health

  Workshop on Migration, Urban Poverty and Health, Sussex, May 2005

International workshop looking at health in relation to migration (early 2007)
  © University of Sussex 2003 Text-Only
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With thanks to IOM and Claudia Natali for the photographs