Home About the DRC Research Partners Publications News/Events Links Contact us
  More About or or

> All research projects

Types of Migration
Internal Migration
Global Labour Mobility
Child Migration
Skilled Migration
Forced Migration
Return Migration

Key Themes
Modelling Causes
and Consequences
Links between Migrations
Rural Poverty and Livelihoods
Social Protection
Gender and Generations
Health and Education

UK / international
Albania / Eastern Europe
Ghana / Africa
Egypt / the Middle East
Bangladesh and
South Asia




Project 6b
Forced Migration and Policy in the Middle East

Researchers at FMRS have come to problematic the local policy regime created by the state in which refugees and forced migrants ‘cannot’ prosper or even attempt an acceptable existence. Both domestic and international policy makers assume local integration is not possible for refugees in Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries, although resettlement opportunities have dwindled and Middle Eastern countries are economically more prosperous than many other regions of the ‘developing’ world. At the same time, refugees do survive largely without any institutional assistance, which suggests that they may in fact be more self-sufficient and less of a ‘burden’ than often assumed.

This project will document and analyse the assumptions upon which refugee policy has been based, the impact that policies themselves have in either relieving hardship or continuing dependency, and assess whether refugee policy may be based on incorrect assumptions about the role that refugees play in the social and economic fabric of Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries. The research will go beyond the simple documentation of refugee-related policy and the position of Egypt and other host governments in this region, to examine the intersection of policies that directly and indirectly affect the lives, conditions, and opportunities available for forced migrants and refugees.

Key Research Questions

How do international, national, and local policies interact to shape the world of refugees and forced migrants as well as that of host societies and institutions? How are they affected by different strands of thought (e.g. rights-based vs. needs-based approaches), and the interests and lobbies which they embody?
What are the assumptions of international institutions concerning the needs of refugees and forced migrants?
How efficient are international policies, and to what extent are they limited by not taking into account the national settings in which they are enforced?
How do refugees interact with the policy environment in the Middle East?
How can policies be developed that enhance refugees’ survival strategies and their contributions to the host society, whilst addressing the concerns of host nationals?



Key Theme(s)

Type(s) of Migration
Forced Migration

Egypt / the Middle East


Richard Black

Katarzyna Grabska (FMRS)
Samira Trad
Jaber Suleiman
Munzoul A M Assal

Key Activities


Extensive mapping of policies and an analysis of how they impact refugees and their hosts.

2. Formulation of guidelines for qualitative fieldwork amongst refugee communities.
3. Analysis of fieldwork findings.
4. Discussion with policy makers/implementers, based on comparison with project 6a.

Key Outputs

Initial workshop on the mapping process (including training)
Workshop on forced migration
Report on the national and international responses to the rights of IDPs in the Sudan
Marginalized Community: The Case of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon
Rights, Needs and Responsibility: Challenges to Rights-Based Advocacy for Non-Palestinian Refugees' Health and Education in Lebanon


  © University of Sussex 2003 Text-Only
MDW Site design: Meta Design Work Ltd.
With thanks to IOM and Claudia Natali for the photographs