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Types of Migration
Internal Migration
Global Labour Mobility
Child Migration
Skilled Migration
Forced Migration
Return Migration

Key Themes
Modelling Causes
and Consequences
Links between Migrations
Rural Poverty and Livelihoods
Social Protection
Gender and Generations
Health and Education

UK / international
Albania / Eastern Europe
Ghana / Africa
Egypt / the Middle East
Bangladesh and
South Asia




Project 7d
Student Migration from Bangladesh

In the 1980s migration for education from Bangladesh was generally limited to tertiary level. Under bilateral and multilateral arrangements scholarships and fellowships were offered to university teachers, technical experts and members of government and autonomous research institutions essentially to pursue higher degrees in sciences, engineering and to an extent arts and social sciences. Privately funded migration for education was scarce, less so for secondary and higher secondary levels. The situation has changed markedly over the last decade or so, both in the volume and stock of migrants. While migration for higher studies continues, there has been a remarkable rise in privately funded migration for education. Migration for secondary and higher studies take place to countries in the region such as India, Thailand and Singapore as well as to developed countries of the west that include Australia, UK, USA and Canada. There also has been a burgeoning growth of private agencies to facilitate student migration. One may however note that the phenomenon of student migration from Bangladesh has thus far remained largely unexamined.

Key Research Questions

What are the factors that contributed to the growth of student migration from Bangladesh?
Why has the migration of students at non-tertiary levels increased in the last decade or so?
To what extent are changes in policies of destination countries linked to outflows from Bangladesh?
What are the types and quality of services provided by various facilitating agencies: public and private, local and foreign?
To what extent does student migration contribute to brain gain to or brain drain from Bangladesh?



Key Theme(s)
Health and Education

Type(s) of Migration
Skilled Migration

Bangladesh / South Asia


Ron Skeldon

Choudhury Abrar (RMMRU)

Key Activities

1.  Focus group discussions with aspiring student migrants.
2. Questionnaire survey of 100 student migrants (outbound or returnee
3. Meetings with select group of private facilitation agencies.
4. Meetings with education attaches of a select group of embassies.
5. Meetings with representatives of concerned government departments and agencies including those under the ministries of Education, Home and Foreign Affairs.

Key Outputs

A national seminar involving various stakeholders including government, media and the private sector
A report that may subsequently be published as a book
  A policy briefing of RMMRU
Newspaper articles


Student Migration from Bangladesh to the UK


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With thanks to IOM and Claudia Natali for the photographs