Home About the DRC Research Partners Publications News/Events Links Contact us
  More About or or

Types of Migration
Internal Migration
Global Labour Mobility
Child Migration
Skilled Migration
Forced Migration
Return Migration

Key Themes
Modelling Causes and Consequences
Links between Migrations
Rural Poverty and Livelihoods
Social Protection
Gender and Generations
Health and Education

UK / international
Albania / Eastern Europe
Ghana / Africa
Egypt / the Middle East
Bangladesh / South Asia




Albania / the Balkans

Albania / the BalkansStarting in 1990, Albania has witnessed one of the great emigrations of recent times; ten years
later at least 600,000 Albanians, one in five of the population, were living abroad, mainly in Greece
and Italy. An equally significant, but less well-documented internal redistribution of the population
has taken place over the same time frame. The socio-economic impacts of this includes: for internal migration the hyper-rapid growth of the main Tirana-Durrës urban axis, coupled with rural depopulation, especially in the mountainous regions of the north and south of the country. For external migration, depopulation is again an important issue; but equally vital are the effects of remittances on the home country, at a variety of levels, together with the prospects for return migration and the developmental impulse that this might bring.

Since the Second World War, the rest of the Balkan region has witnessed the largest set of population movements in Europe, including labour migration to northern Europe in the 1960s and 1970s, and displacements as a result of conflicts in Croatia, Bosnia Herzegovina and Kosovo in the 1990s. The region is now a source of concern to European policymakers as a source of the trafficking of exploited workers, especially sex workers.

The Migration DRC’s work in this area has focussed on quantative analysis on the relationship between poverty and migration in Albania, and policy dialogue on the sustainabilty of return in the post-conflict Balkan countries.

Following a focus on DFID priority countries in 2008-09, CESS is not currently actively participating in DRC research, but it is still partnering on number of other projects.


  Partner in Albania
  The Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS)

  Key Projects
  4b: Migration and the Poverty Transition in Albania

9a: International Comparisons of Return to Poor Countries


Highly Skilled Migration from Albania: An Assessment of Current Trends and the Ways Ahead (WP-T25)

Migration and Development in Albania, December 2003 (WP-C5)

Defining, Measuring and Influencing Sustainable Return: The Case of the Balkans, December 2004 (WP-T7)

Who is Most Likely to Migrate from Albania? Evidence from the Albania Living Standards Measurement Survey, June 2005 (WP-T11)

Who is Most Likely to Migrate from Albania? Evidence from the Albania Living Standards Measurement Survey, April 2005 (PB-2)

Defining, Measuring and Influencing Sustainable Return, July 2005 (PB-3)




  Workshop on Voluntary Return to the Balkans (Tirana, 14 September 2004)
  © University of Sussex 2003 Text-Only
 Site design: Meta Design Work Ltd.
With thanks to IOM and Claudia Natali for the photographs