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Types of Migration
Internal Migration
Global Labour Mobility
Child Migration
Skilled Migration
Forced Migration
Return Migration

Key Themes
Modelling Causes and Consequences
Links between Migrations
Rural Poverty and Livelihoods
Social Protection
Gender and Generations
Health and Education

UK / international
Albania / Eastern Europe
Ghana / Africa
Egypt / the Middle East
Bangladesh / South Asia




Ghana /West Africa

Ghana /AfricaWest Africa has a long history of population mobility, both regionally and internationally. Today it is estimated that a third of West Africans live outside their village of birth. Contemporary West African migrants are found in significant numbers around the world, with major consequences for poverty.

Within Ghana, perhaps of most importance to the poor is the very large scale of internal migration, estimated at well over 50 per cent of the population. This is primarily from north to south, with in-migrants representing over 40 per cent of the population in the Greater Accra, Brong Ahafo and Western regions. A particularly poorly understood area within internal migration is that of the migration of children, whose movement is often characterised as forced, but where the reality may be somewhat more complex. Child migration within Ghana, as well as from neighbouring Burkina Faso, have represented key areas of research for the Migration DRC.

Substantial numbers of Ghanaians have left the country since the 1970s to work and/or study in
both Europe and North America. As with many West African countries, it is difficult to find accurate
statistics. However, the proportion of health workers leaving Ghana reached quite dramatic proportions in recent years, stimulating considerable media attention. The propensity of health workers to migrate from Ghana constitutes part of another Migration DRC research project comparing mobility of the highly skilled from various developing countries.

A path-breaking new initiative in the second phase of the Migration DRC is a project, co-funded by the World Bank, to better understand the interactions between migration (internal and international) and social protection.

See also ILO work on labour migration in Africa

NEW: Views on Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa


  Partners in Ghana
  The Institute for Social, Statistical and Economic Research (ISSER)

The Regional Institute for Population Studies (RIPS)

  Key Projects

1c: Social Protection of Workers in Global Agriculture: The Pineapple Sector in Ghana

1d: Portability, Access and Reciprocity: Social Protection Regimes for Migrants

3a: Child Migration, Poverty and Livelihoods in Burkina Faso

3b(1): The North-South Migration of Children in Ghana

3b(2): Autonomous Child Migration in Ghana

3g: Re-integration of Return Migrants in the North-South Independent Child Migration in Ghana

4a: Impacts of Poverty and Vulnerability on Migration Choice: Ghana and Egypt

4d: Impact of Migration on Assets for Sending Households

6c: Liberian refugees and rights in Accra, Ghana

7b: Mobility of the Highly Skilled in Ghana


Migration from and to Ghana: A Background Paper (WP-C4)

Migration and Pro-Poor Policy in Africa (WP-C6)

Migration and Pro-Poor Policy in East Africa (WP-C7)

Migration and Pro-Poor Policy in West Africa (WP-C8)

Exploring the Linkages between Children's Independent Migration and Education (WP-T12)

Tackling Poverty-Migration Linkages: Evidence from Ghana and Egypt (WP-T14)

The Positives and Negatives of Children's Independent Migration (WP-T16)

  International Workshop on the Migration of the Highly Skilled (Accra, 4-6 July 2005)
  © University of Sussex 2003 Text-Only
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With thanks to IOM and Claudia Natali for the photographs